Glaucoma is a result of collection of fluid within the eye & the resultant
increase in intraocular pressure. This pressure affects the sensitive optic
nerve resulting in irreversible damage.
Glaucoma has been rightly called “the silent stealer of eyesight.
What is most tragic is that vision loss due to Glaucoma is irreversible.
Medicine, LASER & surgery can at best preserve the residual eyesight of the
a) Persistent diminution of vision.
b) Heaviness of head particular
c) Another relevant symptom is frequent chnges in reading glass.
d) The person may have defective dark adaptation i.e. can take a longer time to
adapt to darkness.
This is of sudden onset. Blurred vision, severe pain, rainbow holes around
light, nausea & vomiting are the immediate symptoms. Unless immediate medical
attention is provided, blindness can result in a day or two.
Photophobia in the infant – This is visible literally from birth, since the eye
of an infant is more elastic than of an adult, the increase of pressure leads to
the eye bulging out.
Normal limit of Intra ocular pressure – 22 mm Hg. Sometimes even with this
normal intraocular pressure there is continuous damage to optic nerve
a) YAG LASER iridotomy for Angle Closure Glaucome and suspect.
b) ARGON Laser Iridoplasty for Plateau Iris Syndrome
c) Selective Laser treabeculoplasty for open angle glaucoma & ocular
d) Laser suturelysis.
a) Trabeculectomy with & without antimetabolites. b) Valves Surgery. c) Non
penetrate glaucoma surgery.