Squint : -
• Squint is a misalignment of the eye where the two eyes
are pointed towards different directions.
• The misalignment may be constant for a few, while it
may be intermittently occurring for some others.
• The deviation of the eye
may be in any direction inward, outward, upward or downward.
• If the child is not
treated at the appropriate time, a condition called amblyopia occurs, which
eventually leads to permanent loss of vision.
Causes of squint
Causes of squint : -
• Weakness of the eye muscles or problem in the nerves
supplying the eye muscles.
• Blurred or poor vision caused due to cataract, corneal
scars, glaucoma, refractive errors, optic nerve disease, tumors of the eye etc.,
Symptoms of Squint
Symptoms of Squint : -
• One eye or both eyes point to different directions.
• Children can have defective vision in one eye or both
• Children with squint, sometimes close one eye in bright
• Some children turn their face or tilt their head in a
specific direction in order to use their eyes together
• The child sometimes experiences double vision or
Surgical treatment : -
• Surgical treatment is given to the child based upon the
improvement in vision by spectacle correction and patching therapy.
• The misaligned eyes can be straightened by means of
surgery. This is done by detaching the muscles from original insertion and
attaching it to a different place, the amount of shift based on the measurement
done with special glasses (prisms).
• Surgery is usually done under general anaesthesia for
• The child should be free from any illness like fever,
common cold, cough etc., to be subjected to general anaesthesia.
• Surgery is done either on both eyes simultaneously or
one eye at a time.
• The surgery is done on the white portion of the
• The eyeball is not opened.
• Stay in the hospital is only for a day after the
• Treatment does not stop with surgery.
• Glasses may have to be continued to maintain clarity of
vision. Patching therapy may be needed to be continued for some time after the