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What is a cataract?

The majority of cataracts develop slowly over a period of time. A primary symptom of this condition is blurry vision. When you have cataracts, it can be difficult to see clearly through a cloudy window. A cataract is the most common age-related disease of the eye which leads to clouding of the natural transplant lens. A cataract develops when protein clumps accumulate in the lens. This forms a white opaque film in the eye’s natural lens that prevents light from passing through it to reach the retina. When the cataract becomes denser, yellow or brown discoloration may occur. In the course of aging, the lens proteins begin to degrade, and the cloudy area becomes denser, which ultimately results in complete blindness and It limits the vision of the eye. Cataracts cannot be corrected with medications or glasses. The removal of cataracts is only possible through cataract surgery.

Treatment Modalities?

The majority of surgeries are performed with phacoemulsification and foldable IOLs. State-of-the-art phaco machines (Infiniti, ALCON), the most sophisticated microscope, and other supporting equipment are available to deliver the most efficient treatment. Phacoemulsification is the modern and well-established process of performing cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation. A phacoemulsification machine is an electronic device. It has an ultrasonic probe, which is introduced through a narrow tunnel of 1.8 millimeters. Aspiration is done through the same tunnel as crushing the dense cataract into powder form. Once the nucleus is emulsified and aspirated, an intraocular lens is implanted. Community patients also undergo a sutureless procedure. The hospital offers special packages for patients who are below the poverty line. All patients are fitted with high-quality lenses, including multifocal and toric lenses.

When to consult a doctor?

Make an appointment for an eye exam if you notice any changes in your vision. If the eye condition involves sudden vision changes, such as double vision or flashes of light, sudden eye pain, or sudden headaches, then it becomes necessary to consult the eye doctor.