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Department Of Cornea

What is the cornea?

In the eye, the cornea is the outermost layer, which is covered by the coloured iris and pupil. It focuses light with a highly effective refractive surface while protecting the inner workings of the eye. In order to prevent it from becoming ill, it does not have blood. There is the possibility that it will become bloated or scarred, lose its smoothness and clarity, and become infected or wounded. It is possible for light to be scattered or distorted due to scarring, swelling, or irregularities in the cornea, causing glare, blurred vision, or even pain.


  • When there is infection or inflammation along with corneal abrasions, a feeling of something being in the eye is often experienced. Sensitivity to light and the sensation of a foreign body are also present.

  • Infiltrates and ulcers in the cornea can be caused by bacteria in the eyelids or by the herpes virus. This virus can travel to the nerve endings in the eye and become an active infection of the cornea.

  • Even properly fitted contact lenses can lead to a lack of oxygen reaching the cornea, which is essential for the cornea‘s proper function and clarity. If your contact lens hygiene is less than optimal, or you don’t replace lenses as frequently as necessary, the cornea will eventually “protest” and cause symptoms such as redness, irritation, and blurring of vision.

  • Dry eye syndrome is common and can cause significant damage to the cornea. There are certain people who fail to produce enough tears, and there are others whose eyes do not close completely at night. This is to protect the cornea and keep it moist at night. Others suffer from chronic lid infections, a condition known as blepharitis, which results in an unstable tear film and can aggravate dry eyes as well as cause corneal inflammation.

  • As keratoconus progresses, vision becomes increasingly blurry, and wearing contact lenses becomes increasingly difficult, which is often an early treatment. It may be difficult for the contact lens to remain on the eye due to the irregular shape of the cornea.


A variety of corneal diseases can be found, ranging from the simple to the complex. When it is found that you have a complex problem requiring advanced medical or surgical care, an ophthalmologist will help. We have an expert team of ophthalmologists who prevent cornea-related diseases. We provide the following services at Choithram Netralaya:

  1. Pterygium surgery ( Suture less)

  2. Therapeutic keratoplasty

  3. Optical keratoplasty

  4. Keratoconus management ( Collagen Cross-Linking, RGPs, DALK)

  5. Corneal / Corneoscleral Tear Repair

  6. Ocular Surface Tumors ( Medical and Surgical Management)

  7. Corneal Ulcer Management

  8. Contact lenses

Department Of Cornea Choithram Netralaya 2023